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以“先民后刑”方式推进刑事案件正确处理
时间: 2019-05-09  作者:   新闻来源:北京pk10,北京pk10注册--国际品牌 大 | |

涉嫌保险诈骗“刑民交叉”案件办理中—— 

以“先民后刑”方式推进刑事案件正确处理 

 

王军 

□刑法理论中的不能犯,由于客观行为没有也不可能存在侵害法益的任何危险,或者说不会对刑法规范保护的具体社会关系造成任何危害或危险,因不具备社会危害性这一犯罪的本质特征,故不能成立犯罪。 

□在涉及“刑民交叉”案件中,对于事实清楚、但法律关系复杂或技术问题难以判断的案件,可以民事上的权利确认及法律关系判断作为基础,进而作为刑事程序的先决依据,以保证法秩序的统一性。 

【基本案情】北京pk10简某,为某速递分公司负责人;韩某,原为某速递分公司员工。某苏州牌照的轻型厢式货车,系该车辆实际所有人简某挂靠在苏州某菜篮子蔬菜配送有限公司,并由该配送公司作为被保险人和投保人,与某财产保险股份有限公司苏州分公司(下称财保苏州分公司)签订了机动车交强险和商业险合同。

北京pk102017nian2yue16ri,hanmouzuoweijianmouguyongdecheliangjiashiyuan(youc1jiashizheng),jiashigaiqingxingxiangshihuocheyuxingrenfashengjiaotongshigu,zhixingrenshoushangbingsiwang。youyudanxinyinjidongcheshangyebaoxiandanzhongguanyu“jiashiyingyexingjidongchewujiaotongyunguanbumenhefadexukezhengshuhuoqitabibeizhengshu”zheiyibaoxianrenzerenmianchutiaokuan,wufaqudecaibaosuzhoufengongsideshangyebaoxianlipei,hanmou、jianmoujingshangyi,xiangcaibaosuzhoufengongsitigongxujiade《daoluyunshucongyerenyuancongyezigezheng》(youshiyunshuguanlichuhefa,wuyinzhang),gaibaoxiangongsijianggaicheliangshangyebaoxianlipeikuan262754.4yuanzhifujijiaotongshigushouhairenqinshu。

北京pk10houlai,baoxiangongsizaihechaguochengzhongfaxian,gaizigezhengxixujiazhengjian,suixianggonganjiguanbaoan,gonganjiguanyishexianbaoxianzhapianzuilianzhencha,houyijianmou、hanmoushexianbaoxianzhapianzuiyisongjianchajiguanshenchaqisu。

2019nian3yue20ri,suzhougongyeyuanqujianchayuanshenchaqisugonganjiguanyisongdejianmou、hanmoushexianbaoxianzhapianyian。

zaishenchaqisuqijian,2019nian5yue8ri,jianmouguakaodesuzhoumoucailanzishucaipeisongyouxiangongsizuoweiyuangao,yicaibaosuzhoufengongsiweibeigao,xiangfayuantiqiminshisusong。yuangaoyitoubaohetongzhongguanyu“jiashiyingyexingjidongchewujiaotongyunguanbumenhefadexukezhengshuhuoqitabibeizhengshu”zheiyibaoxianrenzerenmianchutiaokuanshuwuxiaotiaokuandengweiyou,qingqiubeigaopeichangyuangaobaoxianlipeikuan,jigonganjiguan《qisuyijianshu》zhikongdejianmou、hanmoupianqudebaoxianlipeikuan。jingyishen、ershen,tongnian12yue23ri,suzhoushizhongjifayuanzuochuminshizhongshenpanjue,renweiyincaibaosuzhoufengongsiweijindaochongfendetishiheshuomingyiwu,shangshumianzetiaokuanbufashengfalvxiaoli,caibaosuzhoufengongsijucizhuzhangmianzebuyuzhichi,guzhongshenpanjuechexiaoyishenpanjue,bingpanjuecaibaosuzhoufengongsixuzhifugaibaoxianlipeikuan262754.4yuan。

【要旨】 

北京pk10duiyushishiqingchu、danfalvguanxifuzade“xingminjiaocha”anjian,keyitongguoxianminhouxingdechengxuchulifangshi,jiangminshiquequandengzuoweixingshishenchadexianjuejichu,yibaozhengfazhixudetongyixing。sifashijianzhong,yinbunengfanbuhuiduixingfajutiguifanbaohudefayizaochengkeguanweixian,bujubeishehuiweihaixingzheiyifanzuidebenzhitezheng,yibanyingzuojueduibuqisudechuzuichuli。

【履职过程】 

zhenchajiguanrending,hanmou、jianmouerrenzaishenqingbaoxianlipeiguochengzhong,liyongxujiade《daoluyunshucongyerenyuancongyezigezheng》,pianqubaoxiangongsicheliangshangyebaoxianlipeikuan262754.4yuan,gouchengbaoxianzhapianzui,yisongjianchajiguanshenchaqisu。

shenchaqisujieduan。jianchajiguanrenwei,congerrendekeguanxingweifenxi,jiyougoumaibingtigongxujia《daoluyunshucongyerenyuancongyezigezheng》zheiyishouduanxingwei,youyouduibaoxiangongsijinxingqizhademudexingwei:

diyi,errenduibaoxiangongsijinxingqizhademudexingwei,xixingfalilunzhongdebunengfan。xingfalilunzhongdebunengfan,youyukeguanxingweimeiyouyebukenengcunzaiqinhaifayiderenheweixian,huozheshuobuhuiduixingfaguifanbaohudejutishehuiguanxizaochengrenheweihaihuoweixian,yinbujubeishehuiweihaixingzheiyifanzuidebenzhitezheng,gubunengchenglifanzui。benangonganjiguan《qisuyijianshu》zhikongdehanmou、jianmoushexianpianqudebaoxianlipeikuan262754.4yuan,genjuminshizhongshenpanjue,youyuxicaibaosuzhoufengongsiyingdangzhifudebaoxianlipeikuan,yinci,jiugaigongsieryan,bukenengyoucaichansunshi;jiuerrendekeguanxingweieryan,yibukenengduibaoxianrenhuotarendecaichansuoyouquanzaochengrenhesunhaihuoweixian。yinci,errenxixingfalilunzhongdebunengfan,qimudexingweibugouchengfanzui。

dier,errengoumaibingtigongxujia《daoluyunshucongyerenyuancongyezigezheng》deshouduanxingwei,bugouchengweizaoshiyedanweiyinzhangdengfanzui。jingshencha,gaizhengyimoushiyunshuguanlichu(shiyedanweixingzhifaren)demingyifafang,bingwuyinzhang。genjujiaotongyunshubu《daoluyunshucongyerenyuanguanliguiding》,gaizhengxiyoushequdeshijidaoluyunshuguanlijigoufafang,zhengmingdaoluyunshucongyerenyuancongshitedinggangweizhiyedezigezhengjian,shuxingshangxishiyedanweizhengjianerfeiyinzhang。tongshi,errengoumaibingtigongzhengjiandexingwei,yibunengrendingweixingfayiyideweizao。yinci,qishouduanxingweibugouchengweizaoshiyedanweiyinzhangzuidengqitafanzui。duiyugaixingwei,keyiyizhaozhianguanlichufafadi52tiaodeguidingjiyuzhianguanlichufa。

【审查结果】 

北京pk10jianchajiguanzuizhongrending,jianmou、hanmousuicunzaishiyongxujiade《daoluyunshucongyerenyuancongyezigezheng》yituqizhadeqingxing,danmeiyoufanzuishishi,bugouchengbaoxianzhapianzuidengqitafanzui。yijuxingshisusongfadi177tiaodi1kuanguiding,yu2020nian3yue12riyifaduijianmou、hanmouzuochujueduibuqisujueding。

【典型意义】 

1.yishifouduixingfajutiguifanbaohudefayizaochengkeguanweixianweibiaozhun,zhunquejiedingbunengfanyuweisuifan。yinbunengfanbujubeishehuiweihaixingzheiyifanzuidebenzhitezheng,guyingzuochuzuichuli。

北京pk10erbeibuqisurenzaifeifazhanyoumudezhipeixia,shishileqipianbaoxiangongsidexingwei,shifougouchengfanzui?cunzaiyifanzuiweisuichulihebunengzuoweifanzuidezhongdafenqi。

xingfalilunyibanrenwei,xingfaduifanzuiweisuidengweiwanchengxingtaizhuijiuxingshizerendelifagenju,zaiyuweiwanchengxingtaixingweiduiyuxingfajutiguifanbaohudefayizaochenglekeguanweixian,yincijuyouxingfakefaxing。erlilunzhongdebunengfan,xingweirenzhuguanshangjuyoufanyi,youyuqikeguanxingweimeiyouyebukenengcunzaiqinhaifayiderenheweixian,huozheshuobuhuiduixingfaguifanbaohudejutishehuiguanxizaochengrenheweihaihuoweixian,yinbujubeishehuiweihaixingzheiyifanzuidebenzhitezheng,gubunengchenglifanzui。yinci,xingweibenshenshifouhuiduixingfajutiguifanbaohudefayizaochengkeguanweixian,shiqufenweisuifanyubunengfandezhuyaobiaozhun。yicibiaozhun,gaianerbeibuqisurendexingweishuyuxingfalilunzhongdebunengfan,bunengzuoweifanzuichuli。

北京pk102.zaisheji“xingminjiaocha”anjianzhong,duiyushishiqingchu、danfalvguanxifuzahuojishuwentinanyipanduandeanjian,keyiminshishangdequanliquerenjifalvguanxipanduanzuoweijichu,jinerzuoweixingshichengxudexianjueyiju,yibaozhengfazhixudetongyixing。conggongnengdingweiheguifanmudejiaodufenxi,xingfazhuzhongbaohucaichananquanzhixu,minfacezhongjiefencaichanjutiguishu。jutidaosusongguanxidechuli,duiyushishiqingchu、danfalvguanxifuzahuojishuwentinanyipanduandeanjian,bufangyiminshishangdequanliquerenjifalvguanxipanduanzuoweijichuheqianzhichengxu,jineryigaiminshisusongdecaiduanzuoweixingshichengxutuijindeyiju(xianjueyuanze),yibaozhengfazhixudetongyixing。

benanzuoweiyiqishishiqingchu、danfalvguanxifuzade“xingminjiaocha”anjian,xuyishitiyuchengxudehudonghexianjielaibaozhengfazhixudetongyixing。jiubenaneryan,youyuminshipanjueduizhengyidefalvguanxizuochuzhongshencaijue——baoxianhetongzerenmianchutiaokuanshuwuxiaotiaokuan,baoxiangongsiduicheliangshangyebaoxianlipeikuanyingyuzhifu。gaixianjuefalvguanxidequeding,yequedinglebaoxiangongsiduigaixiangcaichanliyidesuqiubushouminfabaohu。huaneryanzhi,jiranbeibuqisurenjianmouguakaodeqichepeisonggongsiduigaibaoxianlipeikuanjuyousuoyouquan,neime,juyouminshihefaxingdexingwei,kendingbujuyouxingshiweifaxing。

(zuozhedanwei: jiangsushengsuzhougongyeyuanqujianchayuan)

链接·编后 

在理论突破与实践探索中实现正义 

北京pk10benanbanliguochengzhong,zaixingfalilunhesifashiwufangmianyouyidingdetupohetansuo,zhuyaotixianzailianggefangmian:

yishiduibunengweisuifanzheiyichuantongxingfalilundetupo,shichulijieguofuherenminqunzhongduigongpingzhengyidehuodegan。beijingpk10guochuantongxingfalilunzhongbafanzuiweisuifenweinengfanweisuihebunengfanweisui。qizhong,bunengfanweisuibaokuoduixiangbuneng、ketibunengdeng,qiebunengfanweisuiyeyaoshoudaoxingfazhuijiuhexingfachufa。benanzhong,fanzuixianyirenzhuguanshangjuyoufeifazhanyoudefanyi,danyouyuduishishirenshicuowu,xugouzhengjianyiyuzhanyoubenyingshuyuzijiyifangdebaoxianlipeikuan,shuyuduiketi(shishi)renshicuowudebunengfanweisui。anzhaochuantongxingfalilun,yingdangdingzuichufa——zheigejielunxianranyuguomindekeyuqixingbuxiangfuhe。

tongshi,genjukeguanweisuilundeguandian,bunengfandegainianbuyizuoweifanzuiweisuideleixingzhiyi,yinweiweisuifanshijuyouqinhaifayidejinpoweixiandexingwei,erbunengfanzhuguanshangsuijuyoufanyi,danqikeguanxingweimeiyouqinhaifayiderenheweixian,gubunengyifanzuilunchu,bunengfandegainianbuyizuoweifanzuiweisuideleixingzhiyilaishiyong。benanzaicainazheiyixueshuoguandiandetongshi,yetupolechuantongxingfalilundeshufu,renweibunengfanbuhuiduixingfajutiguifanbaohudefayizaochengkeguanweixian,bujubeishehuiweihaixingzheiyifanzuidebenzhitezheng,yingzuojueduibuqisudechuzuichuli。

北京pk10ershi“xingminjiaocha”anjiandesusongchulifangshi,yingdangqubieduidai,yibaozhengfazhixudetongyixing。“xingminjiaocha”anjiandechuliyizhishixingfalilunhesifashiwuzhongderedianhenandian。benandebanlizaicilingyujirenyiqishi: duiyuyinzhengju、shishiwentiyinqidesusong,yinweikeyiqiyongguojiasifaziyuanhejiaogaodezhengjubiaozhun(xingshisifayishishiqingchu、zhengjuqueshichongfenweibiaozhun,minshisifayiyoushizhengjuweibiaozhun),xianxinghoumindesusongchulifangshi,duiyuchaqingshishijuyoutianranyoushi。

 
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